Visiting the tombs is not an enjoyable experience, and to be honest, there are not many choices for visitors, except for some exceptions such as the Pere Lachaise in Paris or Recoleta in Buenos Aires.
However, these dark places always bring endless inspiration to the scientific community and explorers. In the article below, we will introduce you to 10 famous crypts and mausoleums in the world can be considered as a tourist destination experience.
1- Taj Mahal Temple, Agra, India
A beautiful mausoleum made of marble was built in 1632, completed in 1653 under the decree of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The work commemorates the late beautiful wife, Queen Mumtaz Mahal. She passed away at the birth of her 14th child.
The Taj Mahal is considered one of the most unique tombs in the world, 35 meters high, recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983. About 20,000 people work around the clock for 22 years. to complete this giant tomb. The cost of building the Taj Mahal amounted to 320 million rupees ($ 1 billion at the time).
2- Tomb of Qin Shi Huang and Terracotta Army, Shaanxi, China
Deep below the hill in the middle of Chinese territory, surrounded by mercury-filled ditches, is the mysterious tomb of a notorious emperor – Qin Shihuang. Despite the rest of the 2,000 years since September 10, 210 BC, China’s first emperor has avoided all the nuisance interference from the aftermath.
The tomb is said to hold the answer to unanswered secrets of history, but so far no modern man has ever seen the inside. This is not only dependent on the Beijing government but also on the science side. Built between 246 and 208 BC, the tomb stretches for miles beneath the earth. This is also considered a huge Chinese collection of sculptures with more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots, 520 war horses and 150 horses.
3- Pyramids of Giza, Egypt
It is hard to believe that a giant structure like Giza is Pharaoh’s resting place. Giza is the largest of the three pyramids built as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu.
This is the most famous, oldest and largest pyramid in the world. It is also the only structure of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World that survived almost to the present day. The pyramid was built around 2560 BC. Initially, this wonder had a height of up to 147 m. Over time and the erosion of the natural elements, today the height is only 139 m.
It is estimated that the Giza pyramid was built from 2.3 million cubic meters, with a total weight of 5.9 million tons. Another name for this great work is the “Horizon of Khufu” and is recognized by UNESCO as World Cultural Heritage.
4- Len Lenin, Moscow, Nga
Lenin’s Tomb in Red Square, Moscow is the most famous destination of the Russian Federation. This is also a spiritual symbol for the political ideals of the Soviet government.
Lenin’s Mausoleum has been closed since September 2012 when experts worried about the foundation of the building and carried out restoration. During the repair process, however, Lenin’s body was preserved in a glass coffin inside, while the entire building was covered with a giant gas dome to minimize damage. Experts had to drill hundreds of wells along the edge of the building and pour concrete to overcome the permeability.
Although there has been much debate surrounding the burial of Lenin’s remains, no one can deny that more than 80 years on the Red Square, the Lenin Mausoleum has become part of the city and serves as One of the attractions when visiting Russia.
5- Castel Sant’Angelo in Rome, Italy
Hadrian’s Tomb, also known as Castel Sant’Angelo, is a mighty fort on the Tiber River, also home to the Roman emperor Hadrian and his family.
A year after his death, Emperor Hadrian’s ashes, Queen Sabina and her adopted son were placed there. Later, the ashes of the other great emperors were also brought back to this funeral. Later, the mausoleum was used as a fortress, and the castle now serves as a museum.
The building is considered one of the great attractions when visitors come to Rome.
6- The Tomb of Jesus, Holy Sepulcher Cathedral, Jerusalem, Israel
Also known as the Basilica of the Holy Sepulcher, or the Church of the Resurrection, this world-famous church is located in the Christian Quarter of the ancient city of Jerusalem.
The building is at the top of Calvary Hill (Golgotha), where Jesus is believed to have been crucified. The church is famous for Sepulcher – the tomb of the Lord. For many followers, this is considered the most important pilgrimage point before the 4th century.
7- Cyrus Great Tomb – Iran
Cyrus the Great was the founder and ruler of the vast Persian Empire in the 6th century BC. His tomb is considered the most important monument in Pasargadae, the ancient capital of Persia, now Iran.
His tomb is located in the Imperial Park of Persia in the ancient capital Pasargadae. In the European conquest, King Alexandros of Macedonia twice visited this place.
8- Shah-i-Zinda – Uzberkistan
This is a complex architectural block, connecting the space with the dome. The building was built in the 11th-12th centuries and was completed in the 14th-15th centuries.
Shah-i-Zinda means “living king” based on the legend of Kusam ibn Abbas, the cousin of the Prophet Muhammad. According to legend, he was beheaded but stood up for his head and went down to the Garden of Paradise, where he is believed to have survived to this day.
9- Tomb of Jahangir in Lahore, Pakistan
This is the tomb of the emperor Jahangir, who ruled the Mughal dynasty from 1605-1627 built 10 years after the death of Jahangir. The tomb is located in a high walled garden surrounded by four 30m towers. Inside the mausoleum is a white marble casket, surrounded by floral mosaics.
10- Shirvanshahs Shrine – Baku, Azerbaijan
The tomb is part of the Shirvanshahs Palace, the largest monument built in Azerbaijan, located in the inner city of Baku. In addition to the Shirvanshahs, the palace also includes main buildings, a small stone hall, a burial vault, a mosque and a bathroom.
The tomb is rectangular with a hexagonal dome on the ceiling, decorated with symmetrical stars. Sultan Khalilullah built this tomb as a burial place for his mother and son in the 15th century.